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Automation A management information system MIS is a computerized database of financial information organized and programmed in such a way that it produces regular reports on operations for every level of management in a company.
It is usually also possible to obtain special reports from the system easily. The main purpose of the MIS is to give managers feedback about their own performance; top management can monitor the company as a whole.
Information displayed by the MIS typically shows "actual" data over against "planned" results and results from a year before; thus it measures progress against goals. The MIS receives data from company units and functions.
Some of the data are collected automatically from computer-linked check-out counters; others are keyed in at periodic intervals. Routine reports are preprogrammed and run at intervals or on demand while others are obtained using built-in query languages; display functions built into the system are used by managers to check on status at desk-side computers connected to the MIS by networks.
Many sophisticated systems also monitor and display the performance of the company's stock. Automation emerged in the s in the form of tabulating cards which could be sorted and counted.
These were the punch-cards still remembered by many: Each card was the equivalent of what today would be called a database record, with different areas on the card treated as fields. Punch cards were used to keep time records and to record weights at scales. Census used such cards to record and to manipulate its data as well.
When the first computers emerged after World War II punch-card systems were used both as their front end feeding them data and programs and as their output computers cut cards and other machines printed from these.
Card systems did not entirely disappear until the s. They were ultimately replaced by magnetic storage media tape and disks. Computers using such storage media speeded up tallying; the computer introduced calculating functions.
MIS developed as the most crucial accounting functions became computerized. Waves of innovation spread the fundamental virtues of coherent information systems across all corporate functions and to all sizes of businesses in the s, 80s, and 90s.
Within companies major functional areas developed their own MIS capabilities; often these were not yet connected: Personal computers "micros," PCs appeared in the 70s and spread widely in the 80s. Some of these were used as free-standing "seeds" of MIS systems serving sales, marketing, and personnel systems, with summarized data from them transferred to the "mainframe.
Equipped with powerful database engines, such networks were in turn organized for MIS purposes. Simultaneously, in the 90s, the World Wide Web came of age, morphed into the Internet with a visual interface, connecting all sorts of systems to one another.
Midway through the first decade of the 21st century the narrowly conceived idea of the MIS has become somewhat fuzzy.Retail POS software includes tools necessary for completing transactions and streamlining operational processes. Features include inventory management and sales reporting and analytics.
This software also helps retailers nurture relationships with customers by . In order for your hospital or group practice to keep patients safe and well managed, your pharmacy information system--also called a medication management system--must have several core functions, including in- and outpatient order entry, dispensing, and inventory and purchasing management.
Retail management information systems include the use of hardware, software and procedures to manage activities such as planning, inventory control, financial management, logistics and point of .
This book presents the architecture of retail information systems, as well as the functions of SAP Retail, and in so doing links modern retail management with the implementation strategies based on innovative software systems.
Keywords. Steven Aldrich is the general manager of QuickBooks Point of Sale, retail software that replaces electronic cash registers. For more information or to purchase QuickBooks Point of Sale, visit www.
Concentration tendencies, globalization, increasing cost pressure and well-informed customers all make up the hard competition faced by today's businesses.
The "right" products, a successful market image, a strong positioning between suppliers and customers, efficient logistics and optimum Reviews: 1.