Baptist War Inenslaved Baptist preacher Samuel Sharpe led a strike among demanding more freedom and a working wage of "half the going wage rate.
In the wake of his success in the s came a host of other names, and it wasn't long before reggae became an established genre of music.
But reggae was simply the growth, the development, of what had been happening in Jamaican music. Beginning with ska, and then rock steady, the loudest island in the world had declared its real musical independence, and had already made an imprint on the world, albeit a small one.
If you want to take it back to the beginning, you have to blame it on jazz. One of America's great contributions to musical culture, it swept around the world. Through radio broadcasts and records, Jamaica, then still and British colony, got the fever in the s.
Bands sprang up to entertain tourists, like Eric Dean's Orchestra and future giants like trombonist Don Drummond and sax man Tommy McCook learned the licks and honed their chops on the music. With the advent of the s, American popular music began to fragment. In jazz, be-bop became the new movement.
Rhythm and blues, the black style formerly called race music, started coming on strong. The History of jamaican music of the jazz orchestra was slowly fading as music grew harder, stronger, more youthful.
That spread to Jamaica, just as it did to other parts of the globe. And Jamaica itself was beginning to change. It had been a mostly rural economy, but now people were flooding into the capital, Kingston, in search of their own piece of postwar prosperity.
If you didn't have a radio - and in the poor economy, many didn't - this was how you heard the new records.
Fast, raw, and with a thick beat, it played well to both young and old. Sound system owners would travel to the U. It was a constant war to have the newest, freshest sounds. A popular disc might be played 15 or 20 times during the course of a dance. Competition between them was fierce, and would last well into the next decade, one of the major catalysts for the growth of the Jamaican music industry.
The sound systems had no choice but to play American records, because the island simply had no recording facilities. Stanley Motta had made some tapes of the native mento folkloric music, but it wasn't until that the first label, Federal, opened for business, and even then its emphasis was purely on licensed U.
The kick start to homegrown Jamaican music came with rock'n'roll. Something had to be done. They were blatant copies of American music, but that barely mattered; they were new and playable on the sound systems. And once a pressing plant, Caribbean Records, had been established on the island meaning the masters no longer had to be shipped to America for pressingthe Jamaican recording industry was well and truly born.
From that beginning, it was inevitable that Jamaican music would find its own identity sooner or later. The biggest surprise is that it happened so quickly. The sound called ska came into being in At least, that's one of the stories. Other sources claim In other words, almost as many people claim to have invented it as there were producers on the scene.
There's no doubt, however, that Jamaicans were ready for something new. Cecil Campbell his real name had been an employee of clement Dodd, leaving in to set up his own Supertown sound system.
Like others before, he turned to record production, beginning with a mammoth session of 13 songs for his new label, Wild Bells. I told him yes. We did 13 songs, and they were all hits. He was supposed to give Duke Reid half the money, but in the end he just have him one song, the one he thought was the weakest, by [trombonist] Rico Rodriguez.
All he cared about was that the crowds at his sound system loved his new beat.
But the homegrown music, now readily identifiable, fitted in perfectly with the mood of the time. With Jamaica receiving its independence, national pride was running high, and anything uniquely Jamaican was embraced.
Also, the new ska, made by the working classes, was definitely music of the people, really music of the Kingston ghettoes. The other sound system operators needed to make their own ska records to compete with Buster, which they very quickly did.
Discs were made primarily for sound systems, rather than for sale.The History of Jamaican Music Genres (From Ska and Reggae to Dub). A look at how the music of Jamaica impacted modern sounds ranging from rock and punk to hip-hop and dubstep. Includes the top Jamaican musicians from ska, reggae, and dub music history, plus a look at Jamaican tourist attractions for music lovers.
Throughout the history of Jamaican popular music, the dancehall had always acted as the centre which the musical world revolved around. In the s however, the word came to be associated with a specific style of music which made its name on the ‘slackness’ of its lyrics.
Although Jamaican dancehall music originated in the late s, it greatly increased in popularity in the late s and s. Initially dancehall was a more sparse version of reggae than the roots style, which had dominated much of the s.
Reggae is a music genre first developed in Jamaica in the late s. While sometimes used in a broad sense to refer to most types of popular Jamaican dance music, the term reggae more properly denotes a particular music style that evolved out of the earlier genres like Ska and Rocksteady.
The History of Jamaican Music Archived with permission from The barnweddingvt.com 10/31/00 It was Bob Marley who made reggae into an international phenomenon. Find album reviews, stream songs, credits and award information for The Story of Jamaican Music: Tougher Than Tough - Various Artists on AllMusic - - A superlative introduction to the world of 10/