Contact Author The invention of the automobile has brought more positive and negative effects than any other invention throughout transportation history. As the most widely accepted method of transportation, cars have changed the way people live all over the world. They have affected all aspects of society such as family life, the economy, and even the environment. It is hard to find a movie, book, or TV show that does not have some type of automobile in it.
History[ edit ] cartoon, warning about road troubles of the future. In the early 20th century, cars entered mass production.
The United States produced 45, cars inbut 28 years later, inthis had increased nearly fold to 3, In there were 13, people working for Ford Motor Companybut by this had increased to 18, Sacrifices to the Modern Molocha cartoon published in The New York Timessatirising the indifference from the society regarding the increasing on automobile related traffic fatalities.
Though, when the motor age arrived in western countries at the beginning of the 20th century, many conservative intellectuals opposed the increase in motor vehicles on the roads. These increases removed space for pedestrians, and brought a tremendous increase in pedestrian deaths caused by car collisions.
Gilberta famous British librettistwrote to The Times on 3 June Not only would this provide a speedy and effective punishment for the erring motorist, but it would also supply the dwellers on popular highroads with a comfortable increase of income.
Access and convenience[ edit ] Convenience store in a rest area serving New Jersey Turnpike users. Worldwide, the car has allowed easier access to remote places.
However, average journey times to regularly visited places have increased in large cities, as a result of widespread car adoption and urban sprawlas well as the decommissioning of older tram systems.
This is due to traffic congestion and the increased distances between home and work brought about by urban sprawl. Employment and consumption habits[ edit ] High signs attract the attention of drivers on the adjacent freeway. A street without a sidewalk, where the pedestrian must walk on the road pavement.
The development of the car has contributed to changes in employment distribution, shopping patterns, social interactions, manufacturing priorities and city planning ; increasing use of cars has reduced the roles of walkinghorses and railroads.
The effect was to create many free parking spaces, and business places further back from the road. In aggregate, this led to less dense settlements and made a carless lifestyle increasingly unattractive. Many new shopping centers and suburbs did not install sidewalks making pedestrian access dangerous.
This had the effect of encouraging people to drive, even for short trips that might have been walkable, thus increasing and solidifying American auto-dependency.
Economic growth  in European countries whose population is greater than 1 million inhabitants. In countries with major car manufacturers, such as USA or Germany, a certain degree of car dependency might be positive for the economy at a macroeconomic level, since it demands automobile production, therefore resulting also in job demand and tax revenue.
These economic conditions were particularly valid during the s when the number of automobiles, worldwide, had a substantial annual average increase, but also during the post—World War II economic expansion.
Notwithstanding the growing effects provided by the automobile on the economy of some countries, several other auto-dependent countries, deprived from automobile industry and oil resources, have to allocate substantial economic assets, to satisfy its mobility policies, affecting then their commercial balance.
This situation is broadly valid in the majority of the European countries, since, disregarding some few exceptions such as NorwayEurope is largely dependent on imports for its fossil fuels. All these factors related to high motorisation rates, affect therefore the economic growth in the majority of the European countries.
Finally, even countries with oil ressources could be deprived of refineries, such as Nigeria which has to import fuel even though it is a major oil producer. Employment in the automotive industry[ edit ] As of the U.
Traffic Cycling steadily became more important in Europe over the first half of the twentieth century, but it dropped off dramatically in the United States between and Automobiles became the preferred means of transportation.Third, the automobile reflected a new cultural outlook in America. Behavior beyond the workplace soon took precedence in the minds of many who preferred to "work to live" rather than "live to work." The new technology allowed for .
Americans did not invent the automobile, but over the last century cars have come to define much of what it means to be an American. A symbol of independence and personal freedom, cars made us mobile, transformed our society and shaped our modern culture. Sep 02, · Car culture, the 20th-century engine of the American Dream, is an old guy’s game.
“The automobile just isn’t that important to people’s lives anymore,” says Mike Berger, a historian who. Presents essays on all phases of the American automobile industry and the effect of its product on individual lives and the culture of the society.
Preview this book» What people are saying - Write a review. For study of the automobile and its influence on American culture, Michael L. Berger’s reference guide and evaluation of source material, The Automobile in American History and Culture: A Reference Guide (), is of immense value.
The Automobile and American Culture [David L. Lewis, Laurence Goldstein] on barnweddingvt.com *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. Looks at the impact of the automobile on American folkwaysReviews: 4.